Reload Data from a Rejected Data Table

Jim_KnicelyJim_Knicely Administrator, Moderator, Employee, Registered User, VerticaExpert
edited November 14 in Vertica Tips

When running a COPY command, using the REJECTED DATA parameter with the AS TABLE clause will save rejected data into a table. If you realize there is a modification to the COPY command that will allow those rejected records to load successfully, you can re-run the updated COPY command against the rejected data in the rejected data table instead of against the entire original data source.

Example:

dbadmin=> CREATE TABLE test (c INT);
CREATE TABLE

dbadmin=> \d test
                                List of Fields by Tables
Schema | Table | Column | Type | Size | Default | Not Null | Primary Key | Foreign Key
-------+-------+--------+------+------+---------+----------+-------------+-------------
public | test  | c      | int  |    8 |         | f        | f           |
(1 row)

dbadmin=> \! cat /home/dbadmin/test.txt
""
"1"

dbadmin=> COPY test
dbadmin-> FROM '/home/dbadmin/test.txt'
dbadmin-> ENCLOSED BY '"'
dbadmin-> REJECTED DATA TABLE test_bad;
Rows Loaded
-------------
           1
(1 row)

dbadmin=> SELECT c
dbadmin->   FROM test;
c
---
1
(1 row)

dbadmin=> SELECT rejected_data, rejected_reason
dbadmin->   FROM test_bad;
rejected_data |              rejected_reason
--------------+--------------------------------------------
""            | Invalid integer format '' for column 1 (c)
(1 row)

dbadmin=> SELECT c
dbadmin->   FROM test;
c
---
1
(1 row)

dbadmin=> COMMIT;
COMMIT

Vertica cannot implicitly cast the NULL value to an integer . But we can explicitly using the cast ::!.

Instead of first truncating my target table and re-running a modified COPY command, I’ll just load the rejected data this time!

dbadmin=> \! vsql -Atc "SELECT rejected_data FROM test_bad;" | vsql -c "COPY test (c_filler FILLER VARCHAR(1), c AS c_filler::!INT) FROM STDIN ENCLOSED BY '\"';"

dbadmin=> SELECT c
dbadmin->   FROM test;
c
---
1

(2 rows)

Helpful Links:
https://www.vertica.com/docs/9.1.x/HTML/index.htm#Authoring/SQLReferenceManual/LanguageElements/Operators/CastFails.htm
https://www.vertica.com/docs/9.1.x/HTML/index.htm#Authoring/AdministratorsGuide/BulkLoadCOPY/IgnoringColumnsAndFieldsInTheLoadFile.htm
https://www.vertica.com/docs/9.1.x/HTML/index.htm#Authoring/AdministratorsGuide/BulkLoadCOPY/SavingRejectionsTable.htm

Have fun!

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